2 AL + 3 H2SO4 → AL2(SO4)3 + 3 H2

Aluminum (Al H2SO4) reacts with the concentrated sulfuric acid khổng lồ generate aluminum sulfate Sulfer di-oxide as well as water when the sulfuric acid is very concentrated. The reaction is a Redox reaction. So The reaction is-

Al + H2SO4 (conc.) = Al2(SO4)3 + SO2 + H2O

Click khổng lồ see what occurs when you use diluted sulfuric acid- Al + H2SO4=?

Is the reaction is Redox:

Yes, The above reaction is an Oxidation-Reduction reaction because-

The Al oxidation number in the reactants is zero and Al on the left-hand side is + 3 in the aluminum sulfate.On the other hand, the Sulfer oxidation number in the reactants is + 6 but the oxidation number is lowered to + 4 on the left side in Sulfer di-oxide. That means the reaction is a Redox reaction.

Bạn đang xem: 2 al + 3 h2so4 → al2(so4)3 + 3 h2

Sulfuric acid and Aluminum (Al H2SO4):

A chemical element with symbol Al & atomic number 13 is Aluminum or Aluminium. It is metal and very useful for our everyday life. It is a silvery-white, soft & nonmagnetic metal.

Sulfuric acid has a molecular formula H2SO4 và a mineral acid. It is a colorless, odorless, and syrupy liquid that is soluble in water. In this reaction, it acts as an acidic as well as an oxidizing agent. Its corrosiveness can be attributed primarily to its powerful acidic nature và its dehydration & oxidizing characteristics at an elevated concentration.

Xem thêm: Top 10 Trang Web Tìm Việc Uy Tín Nhất Hiện Nay, Top 10 Trang Tuyển Dụng Uy Tín Nhất Hiện Nay

Balancing the equation of the reaction:

After balancing the equation of the reaction we will get-

2 Al + 6 H2SO4 (conc.) = Al2(SO4)3 + 3 SO2 + 6 H2O

As the reaction is a Redox reaction, we can use the ion-electron method to lớn prof the balance of the equation.


Ion-Electron method

The redox reaction equation between aluminum và sulfuric acid (Al H2SO4) in the skeleton form is –

 Al + H2SO4 (conc.) = Al2(SO4)3 + SO2 + H2O

♦The H2SO4 will function as both acid và oxidizing agent in this situation.♦


The Oxidizing agent: H2SO4The Reducing agent: Al

Oxidation Half Reaction:

⇒ Al – 3e– = Al3+ … … … … (1)

Reduction Half Reaction:

⇒ 4H++ SO42- + 2e– = SO2 + 2H2O … … … … (2)

Now, equation (1)x2 + (2)x3,

2Al – 6e– = 2Al3+

12H+ + 3SO42- + 6e– = 3SO2 + 6H2O

⇒ 2Al + 12H+ + 3SO42- = 2Al3+ + 3SO2 + 6H2O

Now adding necessary ions & radicals we get,

⇒ 2Al + (12H+ + 3SO42-) + 3SO42- = Al2(SO4)3+ 3SO2 + 6H2O

⇒ 2Al + (12H2 + 6SO42-)= Al2(SO4)3+ 3SO2 + 6H2O

⇒ 2 Al + 6 H2SO4(conc) = Al2(SO4)3 + 3 SO2 + 6 H2O

Imagination is everything. It is the preview of life’s coming attractions.

-Albert Einstein

Click on the reaction to learn lớn balance redox reaction easily by ion-electron method

KMnO4 + H2O2 + H2SO4 = O2 + MnSO4 + K2SO4 + H2O

FeSO4 + KMnO4 + H2SO4 = Fe2(SO4)3 + MnSO4 + H2O + K2SO4

NaCl + KMnO4 + H2SO4 = Cl2 + MnSO4 + Na2SO4 + K2SO4 + H2O

Previous article
Next article
6 Comments PostedFrancina CinottoOctober 24, 2020 at 04:41

I really love your blog.. Pleasant colors và theme. Did you build this website site yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to lớn create my very own blog and want to lớn learn where you got this from or exactly what the theme is called. Many thanks!

I blog frequently & I really appreciate your content. This article has truly peaked my interest. I am going lớn take a cảnh báo of your site và keep checking for new details about once per week. I subscribed to your Feed as well.